The easiest way we can output data in PHP is using a Language Construct known as echo. Constructs are elements that are built into language. 'echo' can be used for outputting any data. It can also be used to output HTML
Example of PHP echo:
echo "this is my first message.";
/* output: this is my first message. */
- we end a php line with a semicolon
- to echo some text (a string) you need to wrap it in between quotation marks
- we will use comments to display the output of our scripts
The above example will show this message on webpage. this is my echo message.
You can use echo to output some HTML code:
echo "<p>this is my first paragraph.<p>";
echo "<p>this is my second paragraph.<p>";
echo "<p><strong>this is some bold text.</strong><p>";
this is my first paragraph.
this is my second paragraph.
this is some bold text.
Other ways to output in PHP: print(), printf()
Another construct to output data is print:
print "<p>this is a paragraph 'printed' without parenthesis.<p>";
print( "<p>this paragraph is "printed" using parenthesis.<p>" );
this is a paragraph 'printed' without parenthesis.
this paragraph is "printed" using parenthesis.
- you can nest single quotation marks inside double quotation marks (or the other way around)
- you can escape some nested quotation marks using a backslash ()
- as print is a construct, you can use it with or without parenthesis
A more complex way to output and format data is the printf() function:
//declaring a variable $myName = "John Doe";
printf("<p>Hello, my name is <strong>%s</strong>.<p>", $myName);
Hello, my name is John Doe.